The total investment in China's large aircraft projects will reach 200billion yuan editor's note: at 12:23 on November 28, 2008, the new ARJ regional aircraft took off. On the same day, China's first new regional aircraft ARJ with completely independent intellectual property rights successfully made its maiden flight in Shanghai. This flight, which is a milestone in China's aviation history, marks that Chinese aircraft has officially entered the ranks of new civil airliners in the world
as one of the highlights of the "four trillion" investment planning, the domestic large aircraft project has attracted much attention since it was officially launched last year. What is the progress of the large aircraft project? When will the large aircraft made in China fly into the blue sky? With these concerns, Li walked into the headquarters of China's large aircraft project in Shanghai
the so-called large aircraft generally refers to transport aircraft with a total takeoff weight of more than 100 tons, including military and civil large transport aircraft, as well as trunk airliners with more than 150 seats. The organization for economic cooperation and development (OECD) lists the large aircraft manufacturing industry as the first in the knowledge economy industry. At present, only the United States, Russia and the European Union can manufacture large aircraft
in 2007, China's large aircraft project was officially approved. In May2008, COMAC was inaugurated and established in Shanghai, marking the substantive start of China's "large aircraft" development work. The first model of domestic large aircraft has been officially named C919
jinzhuanglong, general manager of COMAC, said, "we have gathered experts from all over the country and mobilized more than 40 units and nearly 400 scientific and technological personnel to live together and carry out demonstration. Combined with the existing strength of our company, we have preliminarily completed the overall technical scheme for large passenger aircraft."
it is learned that the preliminary design scheme of China's domestic large aircraft C919 has been completed. However, the completion of the preliminary design scheme is only the first step. The domestic large aircraft still faces a number of key technological breakthroughs, including the most critical engine technology, advanced composite technology and so on
c919 will be equipped with a new generation of engines more advanced than Boeing 737. However, due to the high difficulty and long cycle of research and development of large passenger aircraft engines, the C919 at the time of its first flight in 2014 cannot be equipped with domestic engines, and needs to be purchased globally
according to the plan, the domestic large aircraft C919 will make its first flight in 2014 and be delivered to the airline in 2016
tracking the 4trillion
large aircraft project: the total investment will reach 200billion yuan
the first flight of large aircraft made in China in 2014 is very urgent, so the early investment is very critical. Zhangqingwei, chairman of COMAC, told us that the large aircraft project will invest 60billion yuan in the next three to five years, and the relevant investment will reach 200billion yuan when it is finally put on the market
zhangqingwei, chairman of COMAC, said: "In the first three years, we should be able to invest about 30billion yuan in scientific research, including aircraft, including engines, including airborne systems, including related materials, electronic equipment, etc. the second 30billion yuan is capacity-building. If we want to build three centers in Shanghai, plus our headquarters, we should invest about 30billion yuan in three to five years.
it is reported that the State Council is the largest shareholder of COMAC SASAC invested 6billion yuan and held about 31% of the shares; Guosheng Group invested by Shanghai municipal government contributed 5billion yuan, accounting for 26% of the shares; The remaining shareholders are large state-owned enterprises such as AVIC group, Baosteel, Chinalco and SINOCHEM. Zhangqingwei introduced that of the 30billion yuan of scientific research funds invested in the previous three years, the national investment accounted for less than one third of the overall budget estimate, and the rest needed to concentrate the capital investment from all sectors of society
zhangqingwei said: "to successfully develop this aircraft and put it on the market, its rolling capacity, including supporting products, including bridges based on FRP composite technology in the United States, is mostly located in West Virginia, Ohio and New York, including the investment in related industries, is about 200billion yuan."
large aircraft drives a considerable number of employment
large aircraft projects have a huge demand for funds, and relevant talents are in short supply. It is understood that Boeing and Airbus employ more than 50000 or 60000 people in the large commercial aircraft project. The newly established China commercial aircraft Co., Ltd. currently has less than one tenth of its total employees, and needs to introduce a large number of technical talents in a short time
in the context of the financial crisis, the employment situation in most industries is not optimistic, but college graduates studying aircraft design and manufacturing and other related majors do not worry about finding jobs. During the interview at COMAC headquarters in Shanghai, I happened to meet hundreds of college students who were visiting. It is learned that it will be more than a month before they officially leave the university campus, but they have become new employees of COMAC through campus recruitment
what are the advantages and applications of universal machine? The student said, "the total number of people coming to COMAC in our school is more than 170, and there are more than 70 people in our school."
due to the shortage of civil aircraft design talents in China, the current situation and development trend of the global carbon fiber and its composite industry. At present, many domestic universities are stepping up the training of talents for China's large aircraft engineering. Shanghai Jiaotong University established the school of Aeronautics and Astronautics last year, and this year, the major of "Aeronautics and Astronautics Engineering" began to recruit students independently. This year, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics set up the professional direction of aviation maintenance engineering and technology for the first time. At the same time, various related majors also increased enrollment indicators. Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics will enroll 40 aircraft design and engineering students nationwide this year
zhangqingwei, chairman of COMAC, said: "we need to develop five abilities in our planning, including overall design, final assembly manufacturing, customer service, marketing and airworthiness certification. To meet this demand, we need to grow from 4000 people to 30000 people in a few years. In general, we need to increase our personnel by nearly 10 times."
in addition, it is estimated that once the large aircraft project forms an industry, behind one aircraft manufacturer worker, 80 workers in the downstream parts field are needed, which does not include the employment opportunities indirectly driven by flight attendants and pilots
large aircraft will drive the development of many related industries
the parts on a Boeing aircraft come from more than 5000 suppliers around the world. Many parts of China's large aircraft will also be subject to domestic and international bidding. As a national strategy, domestic large aircraft will be the first to purchase domestic parts. This will drive the development of many related industries in China
: "this ordinary ARJ regional jet is composed of millions of parts, and the parts of a large passenger plane will reach 300-5million. This means that it will drive the upgrading and development of dozens of related industries such as steel, machinery, electronics, etc."
it is estimated that from 2020 to 2030, China will need to update and add more than 2000 large aircraft, with an output value of about 200. The measurement and control system of friction and wear testing machine and the use function of test software will be US $0 billion. In addition, it will participate in International market competition, which will provide a broad market prospect for China's large aircraft
Wang Jian, director of Shanghai Municipal Commission of economy and information technology, said: "the aviation industry is an industry that can significantly drive and pull other industries, so it will double the industrial growth of Shanghai's materials, equipment, control and other industries."
according to the statistics of IAF, every $1 invested in the aviation industry will drive the related output of more than 60 industries by $8. The R & D and manufacturing of large aircraft is bound to drive the synchronous development of high-tech industries such as new materials, new equipment, electronics and software, and promote industrial upgrading while driving output
lvyouqing, deputy general manager of Aluminum Corporation of China, said, "the most important thing in the whole large aircraft project is the materials. So far, we have invested more than 5billion yuan in the technical transformation of large aircraft. After two years' completion, we can produce products. These equipment are mainly purchased domestically, which indirectly promotes the development of China's equipment industry."
zuoqunsheng, deputy general manager of China Electronics Technology Group, said: "in this large aircraft project, we are mainly responsible for the aviation support system of avionics products. At present, we are actively establishing a platform to establish large aircraft engineering according to the modern enterprise system. In addition, we have also organized the forces of more than a dozen research institutes to organize the development team of large aircraft (Avionics)."
it is understood that about 50% of the parts manufacturing of China's large aircraft projects need external bidding, thousands of supporting suppliers need to produce, involving dozens of related industries, and all forces including private enterprises need to participate. COMAC hopes that some enterprises can "settle down" in large aircraft production areas and develop relevant supporting industries