The hottest informatization drives industrializati

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Informatization drives industrialization, highlighting six key points

since the 1990s, the tide of informatization has swept the world. Facing the dual tasks of completing industrialization and accelerating informatization, the Chinese government has taken a long-term view, sized up the situation, and put forward the strategy of promoting industrialization with informatization. How to make use of the internal relationship between informatization and industrialization to achieve interactive development, drive industrialization through informatization and accelerate the process of industrialization has become a major theoretical and practical problem in front of us

at present, China's economic development is in the mid-term stage of industrialization, ensuring that there is a large polishing rate to remove the damaged layer of polishing back and forth. At this stage, the important task of China's industrialization is to upgrade the industrial structure, improve production efficiency and enhance international competitiveness. From the perspective of informatization practice, the role of informatization widely involves many aspects, such as improving the technical level, expanding the scope of economic activities, reducing costs, improving efficiency and promoting institutional innovation. Informatization drives industrialization in a comprehensive and whole process. However, from the perspective of the main tasks faced by China's industrialization at this stage, the driving role of informatization should be mainly to exhaust the air. Now we should solve the outstanding problems of unreasonable structure, low technical level, backward management, poor socialized mass production and low market efficiency, and take this as an important focus to drive industrialization with informatization

first, develop the information industry and promote structural upgrading

first, the development of the information industry itself is the content of informatization driving industrialization. According to the theory of industrial structure, the evolution process of a country's industrialization is the process of upgrading the industrial structure, which is the process of the development of emerging industries and their increasing proportion in the economic structure. The information industry is the representative of today's emerging industries. The development of the information industry and the increase of its proportion in the economic structure are the upgrading of the industrial structure and the evolution of industrialization to the advanced stage

secondly, the development of information industry can also drive the development of other relevant high-tech industries. From the practice at home and abroad, the rapid development of information industry has played a great role in driving the development of high-tech industries such as laser, superconductor, new materials and new energy, and has also promoted the development of machine manufacturing, instrumentation, biotechnology, marine technology and space technology to a considerable extent

in addition, the rapid development of the information industry is a prerequisite for accelerating the informatization process. The development of information industry and information technology is the first driving force and premise of informatization. Without advanced, applicable and reasonably priced information technology and products, informatization in other fields is difficult to achieve

China's information industry is relatively backward. According to the statistics of the Ministry of information industry, in 2001, the added value of China's information industry accounted for only 4.2% of GDP, far below the level of developed countries. In terms of information technology products, China's ability in high-tech products such as servers, routers and switches is obviously insufficient. Information technology in important fields such as integrated circuits, components and software lags far behind developed countries such as Europe and the United States, and lacks core technology with independent intellectual property rights. This situation is not conducive to the upgrading of China's industrial structure

second, use information technology to improve the technical level of traditional industries

first, information technology can improve the technical level of traditional industries. At present, the level of industrial technology of a country in the world is mainly measured by the content of information technology in industrial technology. At the end of the 20th century, the traditional industries in developed countries realized the mechanization, automation and intelligence of production through the transformation of intelligent, digital, networking and other information technology, so that production can respond quickly to the changing market demand and improve the level of industrial technology

second, information technology can improve the ability of technological innovation. The application of computer network technology can allocate and integrate technological innovation resources to the greatest extent and improve the ability of technological innovation. For example, Haier Group has achieved the globalization of product R & D and design by using computer network technology, enabling R & D institutions in different countries and regions to share R & D resources, which not only accelerates the speed of R & D, but also makes product design more suitable for the needs of the global market, significantly improving R & D capabilities

third, information technology can improve the investment efficiency of technological transformation. The experience of developed countries shows that although enterprises need to increase investment by 30% in using information technology equipment, they can increase economic benefits by 85% by improving product grade and quality, improving production environment, and reducing energy and raw material consumption

at present, the application of information technology in China's traditional industries is obviously insufficient. According to the survey of some key enterprises conducted by the economic information center of the State Economic and Trade Commission, more than 70% of enterprises believe that the investment in information technology is insufficient, and the investment in information technology accounts for less than 1% of the total assets of enterprises, which is far from the level of% of large enterprises in developed countries

third, using information technology to improve the level of enterprise management

foreign information practice shows that the application of modern information technology in enterprise management can modernize the management concept, rationalize the management system, flatten the organizational structure, scientific management methods, intelligent management means, networked management process, and improve the flexibility and effectiveness of management activities. The experience of enterprise management informatization in China has also proved that the application of information technology in management can solve the persistent problems of "false accounts", "black box operation" and "leakage" in enterprise management in China for a long time. The process of management informatization is the process of management standardization, scientization, modernization and deepening refinement

at present, problems such as outdated management concepts, weak management foundation, backward management means and methods are still widespread in China's enterprises. These problems have seriously restricted the improvement of economic benefits and market competitiveness of enterprises. We must use information-based means to strengthen and improve management as soon as possible

IV. using information technology to promote socialized mass production

in socialized mass production, a necessary condition for realizing professional division of labor is to obtain sufficient information at low cost. The development and application of information technology has expanded the scope of information sharing, reduced the cost of obtaining and using information, reduced the time of obtaining information, made it possible for enterprises to allocate resources in a larger range, organize and cooperate, and promoted the improvement of the degree of socialization of production

internationally, due to the application of information technology, the momentum of "vertical integration" of some industries is weakening, replaced by the division of labor and cooperation of contractual subcontracting. More and more enterprises continue to outsource a large number of conventional businesses, and only retain the core business

at present, there are still many enterprises in China with the characteristics of "large and comprehensive, small and comprehensive", and the degree of socialized production is low. In addition to conceptual and institutional reasons, an important reason is that the cost of enterprise cooperation is too high. In order to win the market competitive advantage, Chinese enterprises urgently need to use information technology to adjust the structure according to the requirements of specialization, reduce the cost of cooperation, and improve efficiency and competitiveness through specialization

v. using information technology to improve the degree of economic internationalization

international experience shows that the application of information technology can reduce the cost of internationalization, expand the scope of internationalization, increase the depth of internationalization, and promote the integration of the world economy. At present, the pace of informatization in all countries in the world, especially in developed countries, is accelerating. Large multinational companies are using informatization to seize the commanding heights of technology, information and market. The transnational economy based on informatization is developing rapidly. A large number of economic activities are expanding from one country to the world. The globalization of production, sales, financing, services and research and development leads to the reallocation of economic resources on a global scale

for Chinese enterprises, if they do not realize informatization, they will even lose the ability to participate in international competition and cooperation. For example, now the components of major foreign auto manufacturers are subject to global procurement. Experts predict that most of China's auto parts manufacturers will be eliminated if they do not enter the global procurement system. To enter the global procurement system, they must rely on information-based means

after China's basic rules of economic activities are in line with international standards, enterprises must use information means to give full play to their comparative advantages in a wider range at a lower cost and at a faster speed, so as to strive for greater benefits in the international division of labor, cooperation and competition

VI. using information technology to improve market efficiency

efficient markets can drive modern mass production. Due to the short time of market-oriented reform in China, the market economic system is not perfect, and a market system with high operation efficiency has not been formed on the whole, which is also one of the main reasons why China has not formed modern mass production. Improving market efficiency depends on the improvement of market economic system, but the role of technical factors, especially information technology, in improving market efficiency cannot be ignored. The economy of developed countries shows that using modern information technology to integrate information flow, capital flow and logistics in business activities, create new business models and carry out e-commerce can expand the scope of transactions, optimize the transaction process, reduce transaction costs, reduce transaction time and increase trading activities. Large Japanese enterprises use e-commerce for procurement, which also reduces procurement costs by 20%. From the perspective of the development trend of world e-commerce, the development level of an enterprise's e-commerce will determine its market position and development potential

at present, all countries in the world, especially developed countries, are taking various measures to promote the development of their own e-commerce. The United States has also made every effort to promote global e-commerce by virtue of its information technology advantages. Experts believe that the world will enter the era of e-commerce, and the transaction volume of e-commerce will increase rapidly. In the next 10 years, 1/3 of international trade will be carried out in the form of e-commerce. At present, China's e-commerce is still in its infancy, so there is a big gap compared with developed countries. If we do not accelerate the development, it will greatly expand the gap between China and developed countries in market efficiency

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